Lorawan is a low-power IoT solution, composed of LORA radio technology and enables an open, reliable and economical network setup. In contrast, IoT is a licensed LTE radio technology that offers low latency, high security and a high price. Lorawan is the data interconnection protocol developed in 2015 by Lora Alliance to provide a low-power interconnection solution for battery-powered devices.
New and emerging wireless standards like LORA (short to long-range) are crucial to the Internet of Things Industry as they are designed for simple sensor devices that require long-range and long battery life. Communication standards that are characterized by narrow-band transmission in the sub-1GHz band include Lora, Sigfox, Weightless, NB-IoT and others.
The LORA and Lorawan protocols represent a variety of IoT solution protocols used to accelerate the digital transformation of the public sector. This paper provides a comprehensive comparative study of technologies that serve as efficient solutions for connecting smart, autonomous, and heterogeneous devices. Here, we meet the LORAs and Lorawans in the category of the wireless wide area network technologies that have to cover large regions and require little power and low bandwidth, also known as LPWA networks or LPWAN (Low Power Wide Area Network).
The Lorawan communication protocol is defined by the LORA Alliance and it is a non-profit technology alliance. It is with more than 500 members committed to facilitating the widespread deployment of Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWANs) for IoT and the development and promotion of Lorawan as an open standard. Lorawan is supported by the Alliance one of the fastest-growing technology alliances with over 500 member companies (as of 2018) committed to enabling the large-scale deployment of low power wide area networks (LPWA) for the Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine-to-Machine (M2M) in smart cities and industrial applications. LORA’s mission is to standardize how LPWA networks can be deployed around the world to enable the Internet of Things, IoT, machine to machine, M2M, smart cities, industrial applications, etc.
The LORA technology is one of the latest and most talked-about IoT solutions in smart city connectivity. Lorawan (Lora stands for Low Range Platform) uses Low Power Wide Range Network (LPWAN) specification to support the Internet of Things (IoT ). No wonder Lorawan is the most widely used LPWAN protocol with more than 600 known use cases and over 97 million devices connected to the network in over 100 countries.
With 4G LTE as the mobile phone of choice for IoT devices, Lorawan offers easy connectivity for a wide range of low-power IoT applications. The Lorawan network operates with low bandwidth, making it an ideal IoT technology for low data rates. The LORA and Lorawan Technology stack is a good choice for connected cities due to its wide range of signalling and minimal power consumption.
Since a variety of IoT applications are characterized by different requirements, there is no technology that can meet all approaches to providing connectivity for IoT applications. When implementing smart infrastructure in cities, those looking for a rational connectivity option should look for Low-Power Wide Area (LPWA) networking technology, and Lorawan is.
Wireless networks are essential for applications that cover a wide area, such as cities, buildings and farms. The expansion of the Internet of Things (IoT) has led to the deployment of many applications that use wireless networks for smart cities and smart agriculture.
Lora Network is ideal for IoT applications because it is the type of network that requires minimum deployment costs. It provides great coverage at a low cost for IoT use cases where speed and latency are not dealbreakers. Lora enables IoT network units (such as sensors) to send and receive data.
As a technology, Lora can be used for discreet applications such as smart buildings and universities where no mobile network connection is required. If you wish to connect via Lora to the Lorawan network in some markets in Europe, you will need to provide your own network gateway. Lora is the best wireless network for IoT solutions with better connections and budgets than other comparable wireless technologies.
LPWA enables IoT devices to connect directly to the cloud through local router mesh operations with short ranges. The combination of direct cloud connectivity, low operating and manufacturing costs, extremely low power consumption and the resulting longer battery life make the LPWAN protocol an ideal solution for IoT applications.
Lorawan is an open protocol that is offered by the LORA Alliance, which uses unlicensed frequencies and allows everyone to build their own network at a low cost. IoT is a licensed protocol according to the standards of the organization for 3GPP, which offers licensed RF frequencies and provides them to established mobile network operators. Lorawan and Lora Communications Protocols (LPWAN) are energy efficient and offer a cost-effective way to implement IoT backbones and Smart City software solutions.
IoT is a clean sheet initiative and a third-generation partnership project of 3GPP, an organisation for standardisation of mobile systems, which seeks to address the need for low data rate devices to connect to mobile networks and run on batteries. Manufacturers of IoT devices (OEMs) can rely on the LORA Alliance Global Regional Specification and Parameters (LORA) Alliance certification program to develop IoT sensors and devices to connect IoT to the Lorraine network. Commercial and industrial companies can use Lorawan IoT Solutions as they experience cost and energy savings as well as comfort on site.
A Lorawan Gateway is a box that connects a wireless Lorawan terminal device to the Internet like a sensor via a local network. The communication layer of an extensive network in Lorawan is the open-source communication protocol defined by LORA Alliance, a consortium of Symphony Link, an open-source communication protocol defined by a company called Link Labs. A gateway receives data from an end node (sensor) that receives a Lora data packet (LORA) and forwards it to a network server of the Internet Protocol.